Traditionally, the date of the Biblical New Year and Passover is set by sighting of the Abib barley in Israel and the appearance of the new moon. Specifically, from the first new moon after sighting the Abib. We were commanded to keep the Passover on the 14th day of the first month (Exodus 12:1-6). The Feast of Unleavened Bread continues for seven days after Passover.
According to Deuteronomy 16:1, we surmise that Yah’s establishment of the first month is agriculturally based because “Abib” translates to mean young ripe barley.
Observe the month of the abib, and keep the passover unto Yah thy Eloha: for in the month of the abib Yah thy Eloha brought thee forth out of Egypt by night. Deuteronomy 16:1
This year abib was sighted last week in Jerusalem by Nehemia Gordon and associates at Karaite Korner, and the new moon marking the new year was sighted in Jerusalem on 3/13/2013 (Gregorian calendar). That puts Passover at 3/27/2013 and the feast of unleavened bread runs through 4/3/2013.
First Fruit Barley And The Sacrifice
The waving of the first fruit barley sheaves and the offering of the first fruits to Yah as described in Leviticus 2:14 give an indication of the maturity of the barley near the time of the spring feasts.
And if thou offer a meat offering of thy firstfruits unto Yah, thou shalt offer for the meat offering of thy firstfruits green ears of corn dried by the fire, even corn beaten out of full ears. Leviticus 2:14
Corn in this scripture signifies any grain. The first grain produced in the Holy Land was barley; it was considered the first of the firstfruits. It was growing during the time of Yahushua’s death and resurrection. He and presumably those saints that arose from their graves at that time represented the first fruits offered as a sacrifice to Yah.
The firstfruits are new (green ears) of mature fruit (full ears) that when presented as acceptable to the Father have gone through the fire (corn dried by fire) as shown in this scripture. The ancient people of that time dried grain to preserve it. When we follow the example of the Master Yahushua, we are preserved too!
So Happy New Year!
Still Relying On Yah’s Spirit of Truth For Wisdom
The New Year is a happy one because we are getting closer to the establishment of the Messianic kingdom here on earth. But…
I’ve asked the Father Yah about the differences found in arriving at the New Year calendar by the method above and the calendar in the Book of Enoch. I believe everyone should be aware and take note of the book of Enoch because it contains many profound truths.
According to the calendar found there, the new year begins the 16th or 17th of this month (Enoch 72:1-8) and aligns somewhat with the spring equinox. It seems to be a mainly solar calendar when reading this particular chapter and verse by itself. However, it recognizes that Yah used both the greater light (sun) and the lesser light (moon) for signs and seasons. See Chapter 73.
“And after this law I saw another law dealing with the smaller luminary, which is named the Moon. And her circumference is like the circumference of the heaven, and her chariot in which she rides is driven by the wind, and light is given to her in (definite) measure. And her rising and setting change every month: and her days are like the days of the sun, and when her light is uniform (i.e. full) it amounts to the seventh part of the light of the sun. And thus she rises. And her first phase in the east comes forth on the thirtieth morning: and on that day she becomes visible, and constitutes for you the first phase of the moon on the thirtieth day together with the sun in the portal where the sun rises.” Enoch 73
The Book of Enoch also goes on to acknowledge that the moon brings in all years precisely so that the years do not come in one day too early or too late. I believe that is why the first month and Biblical New Year of Abib is characterized by viewing the barley and sighting the new moon.
I’ve asked the Father Yah for wisdom and insight on this matter, but I haven’t received further clarification…yet. I believe that Deuteronomy and Enoch are both spirit inspired scripture. However, I gravitate toward the specific account given by Father Yah to Moses in Deuteronomy 16:1 for date setting of this important feast day (appointed day) of Passover. My ears are open and listening to the Master’s voice, though.
Shalom in the Master Yahushua!